...ein Anwendungsstarter mit TCP realisieren?Autor: Max Kleiner
Loading Delphi apps without a browser and on Win as Linux as well needs a
With a loader on the client side, no further installation is in charge.
We had the requirement starting different Delphi apps from a
linux or windows server, wherever you are.
We call it Delphi Web Start (DWS).
The dws-client gets a list and after clicking on it, the app is
loading from server to client with just a stream.
First we had to choose between a ftp and a tcp solution. The
advantage of tcp is the freedom to define a separate port, which
was "services, port 9010 - DelphiWebStart".
You will need indy. Because it is simple to use and very fast.
The tcp-server comes from indy which has one great advantage:
CommandHandlers is a collection of text commands that will be
processed by the server. This property greatly simplify the
process of building servers based on text protocols.
First we start with DWS_Server,
so we define two command handlers:
CTR_LIST = 'return_list';
CTR_FILE = 'return_file';
By starting the tcp-server it returns with the first command
handler "CTR_LIST" a list of the apps:
procedure TForm1.IdTCPServer1Execute(AThread: TIdPeerThread);
// comes with writeline from client
if sRequest = CTR_LIST then begin
for idx:= 0 to meData.Lines.Count - 1 do
One word concerning the thread:
In the internal architecture there are 2 threads categories.
First is a listener thread that "listen" and waits for a
connection. So we don't have to worry about threads, the built in
thread will be served by indy though parameter:
When our dws-client is connected, this thread transfer all the
communication operations to another thread.
This technique is very efficient because your client application
will be able to connect any time, even if there are many
different connections to the server.
//The second command "CTR_FILE" transfers the app to the client:
if Pos(CTR_FILE, sRequest) > 0 then begin
iPos := Pos(CTR_FILE, sRequest);
FileName := GetFullPath(FileName);
if FileExists(FileName) then begin
lbStatus.Items.Insert(0, Format('%-20s %s',
[DateTimeToStr(now), 'Transfer starts ...']));
FileStream := TFileStream.Create(FileName, fmOpenRead +
Now let's have a look at the client side. The client connects to
the server, using the connect method of TIdTcpClient. In this
moment, the client sends any command to the server, in our case
(you remember DelphiWebStart) he gets the list of available apps:
with IdTCPClient1 do begin
if Connected then DisConnect;
//After clicking on his choice, the app will be served:
with IdTCPClient1 do begin
WriteLn(CTR_FILE + lbres.Items[lbres.ItemIndex]);
FileName:= ExpandFileName(edPath.Text + '/' +
FileStream := TFileStream.Create(FileName, fmCreate);
while connected do begin
ReadStream(FileStream, -1, true);
// shellapi.WinExec('c:\testcua.bat', SW_SHOW);
with lbstatus.items do begin
case shellapi.shellExecute(0,'open', pchar(filename), '',NIL,
0: insert(0, 'out of memory or resources');
ERROR_BAD_FORMAT: insert(0, 'file is invalid in image');
ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND: insert(0,'file was not found');
ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND: insert(0,'path was not found');
Insert(0, Format('%-20s %s',
[DateTimeToStr(now), filename + ' Loaded...']));
One note about execution on linux with libc-commands; there will
be better solutions (execute and wait and so on) and we still
work on it, so I'm curious about comments on
"Delphi Web Start"
therfore my aim is to publish improvments in a basic framework on
sourceforge.net depends on your feedback ;)
Many thanks to Dr. Karlheinz Mörth with a first glance.
Test your server with the telnet program. Type telnet
hostname:9010 and then: 'return_list' and you'll get the list
from the apps you defined in a txt-file on the server.
I know that we haven't implement an error handling procedure,
but for our scope this example is almost
Code is available: http://max.kleiner.com/download/dws.zip
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